American International Journal of Social Science Research Centre for Research on Islamic Banking & Finance and Business en-US American International Journal of Social Science Research 2576-103X Personality Traits and Financial Strain as Determinants of Gambling Behaviour among Youth in Nigeria: A Case Study of Youths in Oyo State and Ekiti State <p>This study aims to assess personality characteristics and financial strain as a determinant of gambling behaviour among youth in Nigeria. Three instruments were used in the study which include Gambling behaviour scale developed by Jeffery (2010) used in measuring prevalence and pattern of gambling behaviour, Big five personality scale developed by Goldberg (1993) used in assessing personality domain of an individual and Financial strain scale developed by Aldana &amp; Liljenquist (1998) used in measuring the rate of financial strain experienced by people. Three hundred and twenty participants (320) were used in this study but two hundred and ninety seven participants (297) responses were retrieved for analysis. Hypotheses were tested using regression analysis and independent t-test and the result were discussed according to literatures. It was concluded from the study that personality characteristics and financial strain predicts gambling behaviour and also there is sex differences in gambling behaviour. As a result of this, it was however recommended that youths are to be trained on how to improve their behavioural attitudes and should be well guided so as to avoid gambling because it has serious effects on their psychological health and overall well-being.</p> Bankole Emmanuel Temitope Adebunmi Oyekola Bankole Abimbola Mary ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2019-03-09 2019-03-09 4 1 1 8 Politics of Godfatherism and its Implication on Socio-Economic and Political Development of Nigeria <p>In contemporary democracy politics of godfatherism has become a universal issue in the political development of many countries Nigeria inclusive. The paper studied the implication of politics of godfatherism on the socio-economic and political development of Nigeria. Certainly, the politics of godfatherism have entered every hook and crannies of the nation and have affected the political structure of the country. This paper is qualitative in nature; data were obtained from secondary sources where numerous articles, newspapers, magazines, books reports, and archives were systematically reviewed. In elucidating the topic under examination, the researcher used Elite theory. This theory was advocated by Vilfredo Pareto in 1935, the postulation of the theory is that elites are replaced by another group of elites, meaning that the majority are unavoidably governed by the minority. The study found that the politics of godfatherism has a negative impact on the socio-economic and political development of the nation by confining power in the hands of the few elites at the expense of the masses (electorates). This has affected the socio-economic and political development of the nation, and by extension led to inter-party and intra-party defections, decamping’s and conflicts among the party members. Therefore, the study recommends the implementation of the direct primary election in the selecting candidate into elective positions. In addition to that, INEC should make a law that will discourage money politics and should as well punish the culprit involved in such an illegal political act.</p> Fatima Ahmed Mustapha Alhaji Ali ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2019-03-29 2019-03-29 4 1 9 19 Teaching and Practicing Listening Skill at the Tertiary Level in Bangladesh: Prospects and Problems <p>This paper tries to study and investigate on the topic" Teaching and Practicing Listening Skill at the Tertiary Level in Bangladesh: Prospects and Problems". The main objectives of the study is to find out to what extent teachers try to teach listening skill in Bangladesh, to what extent the learners have the scope to practice listening skill in Bangladesh. One hundred undergraduate students took part in this research. Both qualitative and quantitative methods have been used to conduct the study. Two sets of questionnaire have been developed for students as well as teachers to collect data. This paper describes the actual practice of listening skill by the teachers and the students, their behavior and attitudes and the problems they face in practicing Listening skill in Bangladesh. The methodology used for the study was a questionnaire. The results from an analysis of the questionnaire indicate that though most of the universities offer compulsory courses including listening, speaking, reading and writing, learners listening skill is not properly assessed at the tertiary level in Bangladesh. The paper concludes with a few recommendations to enhance the practice of listening skill at the tertiary level in Bangladesh.</p> Roksana Akter ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2019-05-09 2019-05-09 4 1 20 30 Alarm to Global Hunger Phenomenon and Food Squandering <p>A quarter to one-third of food materials are wasted every year and about one-sixth of the people of the world, which is about one billion people, are facing malnutrition and about one-third of them are hungry. A hunger tsunami is forecasted for 9 billion people of the world in 2050. Therefore, in order to gain victory on this crisis in 2050, the rules and the socio-economic framework should be changed to prevent the imbalanced distribution of agricultural products.</p> Bijan Bidabad ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2019-06-08 2019-06-08 4 1 31 34 Investigating the Contributing Factors Affecting High School Students’ Self-confidence and the Solutions for Enhancement: A Case Study of Arabu Qala High School, Kandahar, Afghanistan <p>This research paper examines the contributing factors affecting high school students’ self-confidence and the solutions to enhance students’ self-confidence. The study used quantitative approach, the researcher conducted a survey study by developing a questionnaire comprising 20 items based on five Likerts scales. The data was collected from 100 high school students through random sampling which 75 were male and 25 females. The data was analysed and interpreted in terms of mean and standard deviation through SPSS software (24) version. It was concluded that different factors like, students’ feeling depressed, fear of making a mistake and others’ much focus toward students affected their self-confidence. On the other hand, factors like, teachers’ humor, students’ feeling a sense of pride and students’ encouragement and support from teachers’ side could enhance their self-confidence.</p> Abdullah Rahimi ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2019-06-14 2019-06-14 4 1 35 45