American International Journal of Social Science Research en-US (Managing Editorial Board) (Editorial Assistant) Wed, 27 May 2020 00:00:00 +0600 OJS 60 How Students Choose Careers: Understanding the Career Choices, Motivations and Problems of Agricultural Students in Anambra State, Nigeria <p>The study accessed agricultural undergraduate students’ reasons for choosing agriculture as a career, sources of their motivation, and problems encountered in their study. Data were collected through a structured questionnaire administered on 100 respondents selected through simple random sampling process from two Faculties of Agriculture of two universities: Chukwuemeka Odumegwu Ojukwu University (COOU) and Nnamdi Azikiwe University (NAU) both in the Anambra State of Nigeria. Some of the information provided by the respondents was verified through 4 in-depth interviews. Descriptive statistics such as percentage, frequency distributions, and Tables were used in analyzing the data. The result show that the majority of the students of COOU (48%) and NAU (44%) study agriculture through a constriction (admission offer outside their original career choice) and that the students’ parents were their major source of motivation (64%). The result further reveals that financial constraints (48%), unfavorable government policy (24%), and poor teaching aids were the major problems of agricultural undergraduate students in the State. The study concludes that sustainable involvement of youths in agricultural development is a felt need which requires diversified motivation attention. The study recommends proactive measures such as intermittent rewards and scholarship awards to agricultural students, early stimulation of student’s interest in agriculture, formulation of suitable agricultural policy and provision of adequate teaching facilities and aids to agricultural students by the Universities Management and their Visitors, Nongovernmental Organizations in agriculture and Philanthropists.&nbsp;&nbsp;</p> D. O. Enibe, U. F. Ndubisi, F. N. Egbe ##submission.copyrightStatement## Wed, 27 May 2020 00:00:00 +0600 The Effects of Facebook on Students’ Social Life: A Case Study at Mirwais Khan Nika Zabul Institute of Higher Education, Zabul <p>In the world, Facebook is one of the most well-known social networking sites, which is used a lot among students. The purpose of this research is to identify the devoted time students’ spend on the usage of Facebook, and its impacts on learners’ social life at Mirwais Khan Nika Zabul Institute of Higher Education, Zabul, Afghanistan. In this study, the quantitative research method was used to collect data from one hundred and fifteen students, and they were selected through a random sample. Likewise, the questionnaire was designed based on the literature review then the data was collected from the participants. Similarly, the data was analyzed by using IBM 24 version of SPSS and found out the frequency and percentage of the demographic data as well as the items. Also, the findings of this research illustrate that learners were devoted from half to one-hour time for using Facebook. Moreover, the results assert that learners want to maintain in connection with people, feel fine when they share their ideas on Facebook and it had positive effects on students’ social life.</p> Abdul Nafi Himat ##submission.copyrightStatement## Sat, 06 Jun 2020 18:17:39 +0600 Dynamics of Gender Self and Other in Sharon Doubiago's South America Mi Hija <p>This paper explores the poetic feminist discourse of the South American poet Sharon Doubiago's epic <em>South America Mi Hija </em>and how she engenders and maintains her gender's visions and beliefs in masculine societies that still engulf the whole human world. She poetically defends herself and her gender refusing to submit to the standing patriarchal paradigm. She portrays herself as a modern spokesperson of her gender and its vulnerability to victimization. Doubiago also tries to cast her challenge against the dominant patriarchal power. Further, this paper sheds light on the poet’s optimism in winning the battle in the light of modern feminist analysis, providing relevant representations of her poetic discourse. It elucidates how the poet publicizes her feminist and gender thoughts despite the domination of the masculine power. As a result, as an intimate feminist poet, Doubiago succeeds in identification with her psyche and other similar selves that can assimilate with her soul and vision. In a broader sense, the focal hypothesis of this paper revolves around conceptualizing feminist poetics and gender in an appreciative receptionist way.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> Abdullah H. Kurraz ##submission.copyrightStatement## Tue, 09 Jun 2020 00:00:00 +0600 The Global Lakou World-System <p>This work highlights the Haitian sociopolitical economic organization, Lakous, as a form of libertarian communism that must be vertically integrated at the nation-state level so that people can experience total freedom from capitalist relations of production.&nbsp; I conclude the work by extrapolating the lakou system to the world-system level in order to offer it as an alternative to the Protestant capitalist world-system, which threatens all life on earth.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> Paul C. Mocombe ##submission.copyrightStatement## Sat, 20 Jun 2020 17:33:39 +0600 Contraceptive Use among Slum Women in Slums of Dhaka City <p>Bangladesh has experienced a dramatic increase in contraceptive use and a sensational decline in fertility over 3 decades since its independence. The family planning program (FPP) in Bangladesh has been considered a success story in a setting without much socio-economic development. With the concerted effort of the Government of Bangladesh (GOB) and Non-Governmental Organizations (NGOs), women are becoming aware of physical health; (Icddr,b). In this context, a study has conducted to unveil the scenario of using contraception in the slum area of Dhaka City. In this research, 101 respondents were selected from two selected slums of Dhaka city. This study examines the use of contraceptives among the slum women. Findings revealed that respondents age 15-20) around 8.6% prefer an oral pill, 2.5% prefer IUD, 6.2% prefer condom (husband’s method) and 4.9% prefer injectable. Respondents aged within (21-25) around 19.8% prefer oral pill, 3.7% prefer IUD, 6.2% prefer condom (husband’s method) and 7.4% prefer injectable. Respondents age (above 25) around 21.0% prefer oral pill, 1.2% prefer IUD, 1.2% prefer condom (husband’s method) and 17.3% prefer injectable. In total, around 49.4% prefer an oral pill, 7.4% prefer IUD, 13.6% prefer condom and 29.6% prefer injectable. Women’s education, exposure to mass media, current work status husband’s working status, age of marriage, decision-making rights, religious restriction are the important determinants of contraceptive use among slum women.</p> Rafia Akter ##submission.copyrightStatement## Tue, 21 Jul 2020 00:17:31 +0600